Veneer - wood material, which is a thin cut, sheets of wood.
Veneer is obtained by removing a thin layer of wood from a log by cutting wood or peeling.
The main advantage of this material is that it preserves the natural wood pattern that modern technology cannot transfer. Also, natural veneer does not crack, does not flake, and yet it is durable.
ROTARY CUT VENEERS
A whole log is mounted centrally in the lathe and turned against a sharp blade, like unwinding a roll of paper. It is the most economical method of cutting. Rotary cut veneer can be wide enough to produce full-sheet (single piece) faces.
QUARTER SLICED VENEERS
A quarter log is mounted on the flitch table so that the growth rings are perpendicular to the cutting blade, producing a series of stripes, straight in some woods, varies in others.
FLAT CUT OR PLAIN SLICED VENEERS
A half log is mounted with the heart side flat against the flitch table of the slicer. The cut is then made with the blade parallel to the length of the log producing the appearance of a ’cathedral effect’.
RIFT CUT VENEERS
A quarter of the log is fixed to a plate on a turning stay log. As the flitch is rotated, the blade and angle can be varied so that the wood is cut exactly to produce the very straight rift grain. Rift slicing uses a ’stay log lathe.’ which cuts with a rotary action. Rift slicing also achieves a straight grain pattern, but avoids the appearance of flake' that occurs in some species when quarter sliced. Most often, this method is used with oak and it is generally the straightest and free from cathedrals and variations in grain.
HALF ROUND SLICED VENEERS
A half, third or quarter of a log is attached to a plate on a lathe and turned. Half-round slicing is used to accentuate the different grain in certain woods. However, it can also be used to achieve a flat/ plain sliced veneer appearance.